Here are some plain things to consider when proofreading and editing:
The Purdue OWL website has a lot more detail from the proofreading process.
Students regularly underestimate the time it takes to publish an essay, in particular the planning and researching stages.
Before you begin your essay, have a look at the Massey University assignment planning calculator.
You could be surprised how long the process that is whole!
As you can see from the assignment planning calculator, if you only start your essay several days prior to the due date, you will need to do things too rapidly.
|if you believe associated with essay/cake analogy, you want time and energy to mix all the ingredients properly, or the final result won’t be what you would like to talk about with others!|
To publish a 1000 word essay, ideally you really need to allow yourself about 3 weeks.
Let’s check out how an essay time management ‘cake’ might be split into slices:
You can see that the part that is biggest of your energy is used on the planning/research elements and redrafting/editing/proofreading elements, which together should comprise around 60% of your energy.
Check out another model to see just what in addition, you need certainly to consider:
Here is the final version of the chocolate essay. You can even download it as a document that is pdf.
Since Spanish explorers cut back chocolate from the new world, chocolate consumption is becoming a worldwide phenomenon. A derivative of the cacao bean, was consumed as a drink, only later achieving mass popularity in tablet or bar form at first, chocolate. However, chocolate’s popularity that is inherent not equate to it possessing healthy properties, as suggested because of the title. The realities of chocolate tend to be more down seriously to earth; a true number of the realities should be addressed in this essay. Chocolate has chemical properties that can influence mood and there is evidence that is possible some http://123helpme.biz/ positive impacts of chocolate on cardiovascular health. Yet, such attributes that are positive counterbalanced somewhat by the argument that, in some instances, chocolate can be viewed as a drug in the place of a food. Moreover, there is the likelihood of some correlation between over-consumption of chocolate and obesity. Thus, it’s going to be argued that despite chocolate’s positive effect in some cases on mood and the cardiovascular system it has in addition been linked to addiction and obesity.
Consumption of chocolate is one thing that lots of enjoy, and there’s evidence (Parker, Parker, & Brotchie, 2006) that high carbohydrate foods such as for instance chocolate do have a ‘feel good’ effect. Moreover, Scholey and Owen (2013) in a review that is systematic of literature in the field point out several studies, such as Macht and Dettmer (2006) and Macht and Mueller (2007), which seem to confirm this effect. Yet, as Parker, Parker and Brotchie (2006, p. 150) note, the mood results of chocolate “are as ephemeral as holding a chocolate in one’s mouth”. In addition, mood is something that is difficult to isolate and quantify, and aside from the study by Macht and Dettmer (2006) there is apparently research that is little any longer term mood affecting influences of chocolate. Another point is raised by Macht and Dettmer (2006), whose study found that positive responses to chocolate correlated more with anticipation and temporary pleasure that is sensory whereas guilt was also a statistically significant factor for most, for whom the ‘feel-good’ effect would be minimalised. The‘feel good’ effect and more negative emotions as these authors stress, “temporal tracking of both positive and negative emotions” (p.335) before and after consuming chocolate in future studies could help in further understanding.
Another possible positive influence of chocolate is upon cardiovascular health. Chocolate, processed accordingly, may be a provider of significant quantities of heart-friendly flavanols (Hannum, Schmitz, & Keen, 2002) that really help in delaying blood clotting and inflammation that is reducingSchramm et al., 2001). Such attributes of flavanols in chocolate have to be considered in the context of chocolate’s other components – approximately 30% fat, 61% carbohydrate, 6% protein and 3% liquid and minerals (Hannum, Schmitz, & Keen, 2002). The answer to maximising the benefits of flavanols in chocolate seems to lie into the standard of fats present. Cocoa, that is simply chocolate minus the fat, is one of obvious candidate for maximising heart health, but as Hannum, Schmitz and Keen (2002) note, most cocoa products are made through an alkali process which destroys many flavanols. Optimal maximisation for the flavanols involves such compounds being present in cocoa and chocolate products at levels where they’ve been biologically active (Ariefdjohan & Savaiano, 2005).
The biological makeup of chocolate can also be relevant in determining whether chocolate is way better seen as a food or a drug, but the boundaries between indulgence and behaviour that is addictive unclear. Chocolate contains some biologically active elements including methylxanthines, and cannabinoid-like unsaturated essential fatty acids (Bruinsma & Taren, 1999) which may represent a neurochemical dependency potential for chocolate, yet are present in exceedingly small amounts. Interestingly, and linked to chocolate and mood, Macdiarmid and Hetherington (1995) claim their study discovered that “self-identified chocolate ‘addicts’” reported a correlation that is negative chocolate consumption and mood. It is perhaps indicative of addictive or type behaviour that is compulsive. However, as Bruinsma and Taren (1999) note, eating chocolate can represent a sensory reward based, luxurious indulgence, based around texture, aroma and flavour anticipation, as opposed to a neurochemically induced craving. Yet, it was argued that chocolate may also be used as a form of self-medication, especially in reference to magnesium deficiency. A study by Pennington (2000 in Steinberg, Bearden, & Keen 2003) noted that ladies usually do not generally meet US guidelines for trace elements, including magnesium. This correlates with earlier studies by Abraham and Lubran (1981), who found a high correlation between magnesium deficiency and nervous tension in females. Thus, tension-related chocolate cravings could be a biological entity fuelled by magnesium deficiency. Overall, however, any difficulty . the proportion of men and women chocolate that is using a drug instead of a food based sensory indulgence is small, though further research might prove enlightening.
A point that is final consider pertaining to chocolate is the perception that chocolate is linked to obesity. You were defined as being obese when their Body Mass Index is higher than 30. The literature on chocolate and obesity has clearly demonstrated that we now have no specific correlations between the 2 variables (Beckett, 2008; Lambert, 2009). This will be typified by the findings of Mellor (2013), who discovered that, during a period of eight weeks of eating 45 grams of chocolate a day, a small grouping of adults demonstrated no significant weight increase. As Lambert (2009) notes, chocolate consumption alone just isn’t expected to cause obesity, unless considerable amounts of other calorie dense foods are consumed and also this calorie dense intake is higher than necessary for bodily function, bearing in mind levels of activity. The stereotypical ‘chocoholic’ seems very likely to consume many other sweet foods and get less likely to want to take exercise than many other people, so chocolate consumption is only one possible variable when contemplating what causes obesity.
Obesity and chocolate consumption seems to have no proven correlations. Yet, in this article, many chocolate focused arguments have now been presented, including the transient aftereffect of chocolate on mood and also the fact that it really is as likely to create feelings of guilt as of well-being. Another possible positive dimension to chocolate is a correlation with cardiovascular health. Yet the possibility advantages of flavanols in chocolate are currently offset because of the high fat/carbohydrate content on most forms of chocolate. Whether chocolate is a food or a drug can be unclear. The literature outlines the chemical properties of chocolate which could help explain some addictive type behaviour, particularly in regards to nervous tension in women, but there is also a strong research concentrate on chocolate as a sensory-based indulgence. It could therefore be said that chocolate just isn’t a food that is healthy but can be enjoyed included in an excellent and balanced diet and lifestyle.
‘Integrity’ pertains to ‘honesty’, and academic integrity involves writing in a reputable way, to make certain that no one will think you will be claiming that words or ideas from someone else are your own personal. This will be significant in academic writing in western countries, and you might be accused of plagiarism, which is a serious offence at university if you do not do this.
Plagiarism means someone that is using words, ideas or diagrams without acknowledgement.
Of course, when we write an essay we must relate to other people’s ideas. We gave a few of the good reasons behind this before: